Vinelina Yankova, Dima Markova


Cucumbers are infested by a large number of pests as the cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) is observed during the growing season of the crop. In our country this pest occurs in three color aberrations lutea (yellow), viridula (green) and obscura (matt green almost black). The aim of the study was to monitor the changes of aberrations in the cultivation of cucumbers in unheated greenhouses. Тhe trials were conducted during the period 2013-2014 at the „Maritsa” Vegetable Crops Research Institute, Plovdiv with cucumber variety Kiara. The results show that the development of aberrations of cotton aphid is related to temperature conditions. The yellow aberration develops in July-August, it has gradually shifted from green aberration. These forms occured in cucumbers during the period with higher temperatures. The black aberration of cotton aphid dominates within the population in end of September by lowering the temperature during the fall period.

Full Text:



Aleksandrova M., N. Velkov. 2007. Postizheniya v heterozisnata selektsiya pri krastavitsite (Cucumis sativus L.). Rastenievadni Nauki, 44, 399-405.

Atanasov N., M. Vitanov, E. Loginova, E. Ilieva. 2005. Integrirana zashtita na oranzheriynite kulturi ot bolesti i nepriyateli. Sofiya, Izdatelstvo Videnov&sin i PantaNeo, 159.

Bahariev D., B. Velev, S. Stefanov, E. Loginova. 1992. Bolesti, pleveli i nepriyateli po zelenchukovite kulturi. Zemizdat, Sofiya, 339.

Velkov N., M. Aleksandrova. 2012. Kiara F1 – Nov sort oranzheriyni krastavitsi. Rastenievadni nauki, 49, 42-47.

Grigorov St. 1980. Listni vashki i borbata s tyah. Zemizdat, Sofiya, 284.

Rashev S., Ya. Dimitrov, N. Palagacheva. 2012. Aberatsii pri pamukovata listna vashka (Aphis gossypii Glover) i usloviya za tyahnata proyava. Izsledvaniya varhu polskite kulturi, v. VІІІ-1, 179-184.

Duncan D. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F-test. Biometrics 11: 1-42.

Liu Xiangdong, Zhang Xiaoxi and Zhai Baoping. 2002. On the variation law of body color and reproductive characteristics of cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae), possessing different body-color. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 29(2):153-157.

Nevo E. and M. Coll. 2001. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae): variation in size, color, and reproduction. Journal of Economic Entomology, 94(1):27-32.

Watt M. and D. F. Hales. 1996. Dwarf Phenotype of the Cotton Aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera:Aphididae). Australian Journal of Entomology, 35: 153-159.

Zhang Z. H.-Y., G.-S. Wang, S.-Z. Wang and Y.-M. Ba Sang pu Chi. 1993. An eco-genetical study of body colour in cotton aphids (Aphis gossypii). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 3-10.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

In 2017 New knowledge Journal of science is financed by National Science Fund of Bulgaria