Hristina Kutinkova, Fernando Caicedo, Bill Lingren


The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a economically important  pest of processed and fresh tomatoes, both in greenhouses and open field crops. Currently, the pest threatens other cultivated solanaceous plants such as eggplant and potato. In this article we review pheromone control strategies for species-specific and environmentally safe management of the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). This insect pest originates from South America and is now considered to be one of the most damaging invasive pests of tomatoes in the Mediterranean Basin countries of Europe and North Africa. In this article we describestrategies used to control T. absoluta including pest detection and population monitoring. Monitoring of Tuta absoluta was carried out in Imbabura Province in Ecuador. The parameters of using the pheromone traps Delta VI are described.

Key words: Tuta absoluta, monitoring, PHEROCON® DELTA VI trap

Full Text:



Al-Zaidi S., 2009. Recommendations for the detection and monitoring of Tuta absoluta,, (16/08/12).

Arn, H. 1990. Pheromones: prophecies, economics, and the ground swell, pp. 717–722, in R. L. Ridgway, R. M. Silverstein, M. N. Inscoe (eds.). Behavior-modifying Chemicals for Insect Management: Applications of Pheromones and Other Attractants. Marcel Dekker, New York.

Bolckmans K., 2009. Integrated pest management of the exotic invasive pest Tuta absoluta. In: International Biocontrol Manufacturers Association and Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, eds. Proceedings of the 4th Annual Biocontrol Industry Meeting Internationals, Lucerne, Switzerland.

Caparros M. R., Brostaux Y., Haubruge E. & Verheggen F.J., 2013. Propensity of the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), to develop on Pheromonal control of Tuta absoluta on four potato plant varieties. Am. J. Potato Res., 90, 255-260.

Caparros M. R., Haubruge E., and Verheggen F., J. 2013. Pheromone-based management strategies to control the tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). A review. Biotechnol. Agron. Soc. Environ. 2013 17(3), 475-482.

Cardé, R. T., and Haynes, K. F. 2004. Structure of the pheromone communication channel in moths, pp. 283–332, in R. T. Cardé, and J. G. Millar (eds.). Advances in Insect Chemical Ecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Coelho M.C.F. & França F.H., 1987. Biologia e quetotaxia da larva e descrição da pupa e adulto da traça do tomateiro. Pesqui. Agropecu. Bras., 22, 129-135.

Desneux N. et al., 2010. Biological invasion of European tomato crops by Tuta absoluta: ecology, geographic expansion and prospects for biological control. J. Pest Sci., 83(3), 197-215.

Ferrara F.A.A. et al., 2001. Evaluation of the synthetic major component of the sex pheromone of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., Gelechiidae). J. Chem. Ecol., 27(5), 907-917.

Fredon, 2009. Mesures de lutte contre Tuta absoluta,, (10/12/12).

Gomide E.V.A., Vilela E.F. & Picanço M., 2001. Comparacao de procedimentos de amostragem de Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., Gelechiidae) em tomateiro estaqueado. Neotrop. Entomol., 30(4), 697-705.

Hassan N. & Al-Zaidi S., 2010. Tuta absoluta - pheromone mediated management strategy. Int. Pest Control, 52(3), 158-160.

Howse P., 1998. Pheromones and behaviour. In: Howse P., Stevens I. & Jones O., eds. Insect pheromones and their use in pest management. London, UK: Chapman & Hall, 1-130.

Laore, 2010. Tignola o falena del pomodoro, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917), Povolny (1994): riconoscimento e lotta. Cagliari, Italia: Laore, agenzia regionale per lo sviluppo in agricoltura,, (10/12/12).

Monserrat Delgado A., 2008. La polilla del tomate Tuta absoluta en la region de Murcia : bases para su control. Murcia, Spain: Ministry of Agriculture and Water.

Prasad Y. & Prabhakar M., 2012. Pest monitoring and forecasting. In: Shankar U. & Abrol D.P., eds. Integrated pest management: principles and practice. Oxfordshire, UK: Cabi, 41-57.

Salas J., 2004. Capture of Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in traps baited with its sex pheromone. Rev. Colomb. Entomol., 30(1), 75-78.

Stol W., Griepink F.C. & Van Deventer F., 2009. Tuta absoluta: a new pest for tomato production in Europe. In: Segundo Jornadas Feromonas Murcia, 18-19 November 2009, Spain,, (20/08/13).

Uchôa-Fernandes M.A. & Vilela E.F., 1994. Field trapping of the tomato worm Scrobipalpula absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., Gelechiidae). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Bras., 23, 271-277.

Unlu L., 2012. Potato: a new host plant of Tuta absoluta Povolny (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Turkey. Pak. J. Zool., 44(4), 1183-1184.

Witzgall P., Kirsch P. & Cork A., 2010. Sex pheromones and their impact on pest management. J. Chem. Ecol., 36(1), 80-100.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

New knowledge Journal of science is financed by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria - contract № КП-06-НП1/5 of 17.12.2019 in the competition of Bulgarian scientific periodicals – 2019

New knowledge Journal of science is financed by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria – contract № ДНП 05/52 от 22.12.2016 in the competition of Bulgarian scientific periodicals – 2016

The contents of this publication do not necessarily reflect the position or opinion of the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria. The opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and should not be considered as representative of the National Science Fund’s official position.

National Science Fund of Bulgaria