COLLECTED POLLEN BY THE HONEY BEE (APIS MELLIFERA L.)

Zheko Radev

Abstract


The knowledge of the flora in the area of beekeeping is a main and important point about the productivity of the bee colonies. One of the proposed solutions for good beekeeping practices is knowledge of the floral specialization of Apis mellifera L. The bees have visited 51 species of honey plants from 43 genera and 24 families. The honey bees prefer to collect pollen from 5 to 6 plants species during every single month. Bees mainly collect pollen from two or three plant species every month. The agricultural species Helianthus annuus and especially Brassica napus are the most visited honey plants during their flowering. In July the most visited plant is Plantago sp. Bees prefer to collect pollen from 23 honey plants out of 51 visited taxons. Not all plants in the area serve as a source of pollen for the bees. The greatest amount of collected pollen comes from Brassica napus- 2539.87 gr. Around 80% of the visited honey plants are common natural as well as about 56.5% of the total amount collected pollen. The visited cultivated honey taxons are around 20% as well as about 43.5% of the total amount collected pollen. The highest number of visited honey species is represented by the family Asteraceae followed by Fabaceae, Rosaceae, Cucurbitaceae. The ecological factors can favor or hamper the development of different plant species. The cultivation of different agricultural crops which occupy large areas, also plays a major role in the pollen preferences of bees.


Keywords


Apis mellifera L., flora, honey bee, melissopalynologia, pollen traps, specialization

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References


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