STUDY OF SAMPLES FROM THE NATIONAL COLLECTION OF MILLET (PANICUM MILIACEUM L.) GROWN FOR GRAIN AS A SECOND CROP IN CENTRAL SOUTH BULGARIA

Ivan Alexiev

Abstract


The study was conducted in the period 2010-2012 in the experimental field of IPGR Sadovo. The aim of the study is to to select samples, suitable for growing as a second crop in the conditions of Central Southern Bulgaria study by evaluation of the rich diversity in the National Millet Collection. 10 variants have been studied, five of which are earlier ripening and the other five have longer vegetation. It was found that for the three-year study period the average yield of the experiment was 233.47 kg/da. Samples № 169 and № 136 with an average yield of 264.22 kg/da and 263.36 kg/da, respectively were selected. These samples exceed the standard variety by 65.86 kg/da and 65.00 kg/da, respectively, or expressed as a percentage – by 33.20% and 32.77%. The selected samples are suitable for direct implementation in crop production. A multi-year date experiment with a duration of 10 years was carried out. The date, until which the sowing of millet as a second crop is possible, was determined. The results show that when sowing is done until June 15, the risk is justified.


Keywords


millet, genetic resources, yield, agrotechnique

Full Text:

PDF

References


Vavilov, N., 1935, „Botaniko-geografskie osnovay selektsii“.

Gramatikov, B, 2004, „Tehnologiya za otglezhdane na proso“, IZ Karnobat.

Zlatev, G. 1958. Pochvite na Sadovskata opitna stantsiya. Yubileen sbornik na Sadovskata zemedelska opitna stantsiya, Sofiya 19- 27.

Kertikov, T., D. Kertikova, 2015, Izsledvane varhu fenologiyata i produktivnostta na proso (Panicum miliaceum L.) kato tsenna suhoustoychiva kultura, „Rastenievadni nauki“ № 4, str. 74 – 79.

Koynov, V. 1956. Zakonomernosti v razprostranenieto na pochvite v Trakiyskata nizina. Izd. BAN.

Topalov i dr. „Rastenievadstvo”, 1989 g., VSI Plovdiv.

Hristoforov, I., 1947, „Prosoto v Balgariya“, DZOKS Obraztsiv chiflik, Ruse.

Yakimova, Ya., Maslinkov, M., Uzunov, M., Kalaydzhieva, S., 1979, „Furazhno proizvodstvo“, Zemizdat, Sofiya.

Yankov, B i kolektiv, 2013, „Rastenievadstvo“, AU Plovdiv.

Baltensperger, D.D., 2002. Progress with proso, pead and other millets, in J. Janick & A. Whipkey (ed.) Trends in new crops and new uses: 1-9. Alexandtia (VA): American Society for Horticultural Science Press.

Kaume, R. N. 2006. Panicum miliaceum L. In: Brink M, Belay G, editors. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 1. Cereals and Pulses. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands, p. 122-126.

Lee, S. H. – Chung, I. M. – Cha, Y. S. – Park, Y. S., 2010,: Millet consumption decreased serum concentration of triglyceride and C-reactive protein but not oxidative status in hyperlipidemic rats. Nutrition Research, 30, pp. 290–296.

Nishizawa, N., 2003. Health benefits of millet and application in foods. Journal of Crop Science, 46.

Shahidi, F., Chandrasekar, A., 2013. Millet grain phenolics and their role in disease risk reduction and health promotion: A review. J. Functional Foods. 5, 570-581.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


New knowledge Journal of science is financed by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria - contract № КП-06-НП1/5 of 17.12.2019 in the competition of Bulgarian scientific periodicals – 2019

New knowledge Journal of science is financed by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria – contract № ДНП 05/52 от 22.12.2016 in the competition of Bulgarian scientific periodicals – 2016

The contents of this publication do not necessarily reflect the position or opinion of the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria. The opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and should not be considered as representative of the National Science Fund’s official position.

https://www.fni.bg/

National Science Fund of Bulgaria