Vyara Slavyanska


Project work is widespread and more and more organizations try to increase their flexibility and to integrate knowledge in a more effective way, directing to performing a large part of their activities in the form of projects. It turns out that among all resources needed for the realization of a project, human resources are the most important and simultaneously the most difficult to manage. At the same time, human resource management is the most poorly developed aspect of the project management, full of ambiguity and contradictions. The present article focuses on the problems of project teams management in a multi-project environment, as examines consecutively the characteristics of this type of environment, the specificity of planning and forming of teams, the necessity and opportunities to apply a situational approach to their management.


multi-project environment, project, project team, project-oriented structure

Full Text:



Andronov, E., M. Aleksandrova i dr., Upravlenie na proekti, „Stopanstvo”, S., 2007.

Andronov, E., M. Aleksandrova, L. Ivanova. Proektnoto upravlenie v Balgariya: sastoyanie i perspektivi. Sofiya: „Avangard Prima“, 2009.

Kuzmanova, M. Upravlenie na promyanata chrez proekti, Biznes posoki №2, BSU, 2007.

Kuzmanova, M., M. Aleksandrova, Menidzhmant. Teoriya i praktika. Sofiya, „Krisan-S“, 2012.

Archibald, R., Managing high-technology programs and projects, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1975.

Aronson, Z., R. Reilly, A. Shenar, Project spirit – a strategic concept, Portland International Conference, USA, 2001.

Belbin, M., Changing the Way We Work, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1997.

Boznak R., Project management-today’s solution for complex project engineering, Engineering Leadership in the 90`s, 1988.

Cattani, G., S. Ferriani, etc., Project-Based Organizing and Strategic Management, Advances in Strategic Management, Vol 28, Emerald, 2011.

Clark, I., T. Colling, The management of human resources in project management-led organizations, Personnel Review, Vol. 34, No. 2, 2005.

Cowie, G., The importance of people skills for project managers, Industrial and Commercial Training, 35(6/7), 2003.

Crawford, L., Assessing and developing project management competence, PMI Annual Seminars & Simposium, Sylva, NC, 1999.

Dailey, R., C. Morgan, Contextural correlates of r&d team collaborative problem solving, Management International Review, 19(2), 1979.

Dawes, T., Project management – an integrated approach, The British Journal of Administrative Management, 34(24), 2002.

Donnelly, R., How "free" is the free worker: An investigation into the working arrangements available to knowledge workers, Personnel Review, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2006.

Ekstedt, E., Contracts of work in a project-based economy, 2002. В Sahlin-Andersson, K., A. Söderholm, Beyond project management: new perspectives on the temporary - permanent dilemma, Copenhagen Business School Press.

Engwall M., Moving Out of Plato’s Cave: Toward a Multi-Project Perspective on Project Organizing, Fenix Working Paper Series, Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm. 2001.

Engwall, M., A. Jerbrant, The resource allocation syndrome: the prime challenge of multi-project management?, International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2003.

Eppinger, S., D, Whitney, R. Smith, D. Gebala, A Model-Based Method for Organizing Tasks in Product Development, Research in Engineering Design, Springer-Verlag, London, 1994.

Fayol, H., General and Industrial Management, London, Pitman,1916.

Frame, J., Project management competence: building key skills for individuals, teams, and organizations, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1999.

Fuezery, G., Managing Small Projects, PM Network, v.12 no.7, 1998; Kendrick, T., Цит. произв., 2013.

Galbraith, J., Designing Complex Organizations, Massachusetts, Addison-Wesley Reading, 1973.

Galbraith,J., D. Downey, Designing Dynamic Organizations, AMACOM, 2002.

Gareis, R., Management by projects: The Management Strategy of the “New” Project - Oriented Company, Handbook of Management by Projects, R. Gareis. Manz, Vienna, 1990.

Gido, J., J. Clements, Successful Project Management, Canada: Tomson South-Western, 2003.

Gray C., E. Larson, Project Management: The managerial process, Mc Graw-Hill/Irwin, 2003.

Grey, R., Alternative Approach to Programme Management, International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 15, No.1, 1997.

Hartman, F., G. Shulmoski, Quest for team competence, Project Management (5), 1999.

Hendriks, M., B. Voeten, L. Kroep, Human Capacity Allocation and Project Portfolio Planning in Practice, International Journal of Project Management, Vol. 17, No. 3., 1998.

Hobday, M., The project-based organisation: an ideal form for managing complex products and systems?, Research Policy, Vol. 29, No. 7/8, 2000.

Huselid, M., The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Turnover, Productivity, and Corporate Financial Performance, The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 38, No. 3, 1995.

Kapur, G., Project management for information, technology, business, and certification, Pearson Education, Inc., 2005.

Keegan, A., J. Turner, Managing human resources in the projectbased organization, People in Project Management, Aldershot: Gower Publishing Limited, 2003.

Knight, Matrix organization: A review, Journal of Management Studies, 1976.

Kolodny, H., Managing in a Matrix, Business Horizons, 1981.

Krahn, J., F. Hartman, Important leadership competencies for project managers: The fit between competencies and project characteristics, PMI Research Conference, London, England, 2004; Robertson S., R. James Mastering the requirements process, Addison-Wesley, 1999.

Lampel, J., The core competencies for effective project execution: The Challenge of diversity, International Journal of Project Management, 19(8), 2001.

Larsen, H., C. Brewster, Line management responsibility for HRM: what is happening in Europe?, Employee Relations, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2003.

Lee B., J. Miller, Multi-project software Engineering Analysis Using System Thinking, Software Process Improvement and Practice, 2004.

Lindkvist, L., Governing project-based firms: Promoting market-like processes within hierarchies, Journal of Management and Governance, Vol. 8, 2004.

Mantel, S., J. Meredith, Ies are best suited to challenging role of project manager, Industrial Engineering, 18(4).

Melcher, K., Leadership without Formal Authority, The Project Department, 1970.

Newton, P., Managing a project team. Project skills, 2015. Accessible at: [24.10.2016].

Norrgren, F., S. Joseph, Leadership style: Its impact on cross-functional product development, The Journal of Project Innovation Management, New York, 16(4), 1999.

O’Keefe, W., Successful brazilian project-leader characteristics, IEEE Transactions of Engineering Management, EM26(3), 65, 1979.

Penrose, E., The Theory of the Growth of the Firm, NY: J. Wiley, 1959; Wernerfelt, B., “A resource-based view of the firm”, Strategic Management Journal, V. 5, 1984.

Posner, B., What it Takes to be a Good Project Manager, Project Management Journal, XVIII (1), 1987.

Sahlin-Andersson, K., A. Söderholm, Beyond project management: new perspectives on the temporary - permanent dilemma, Copenhagen Business School Press.

Serra, C., M. Kunc, Benefits Realisation Management and its influence on project success and on the execution of business strategies, International Journal of Project Management 33 (1), 2014.

Shenhar, A., D. Dvir, How Projects Differ and What to Do About It, 2003.

Shenhar, A., D. Dvir, Managing Technology Projects: A Contingent Exploratory Approach, Proceedings 28th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 1995.

Shenhar, A., From Theory to Practice: Toward A Typology of Project Management Styles, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 1998.

Shenhar, A., M. Wideman, Optimizing Project Success by Matching PM Style with Project Type, 2000. Available at; Ives, M., Identifying the contextual elements of project management within organizations and their impact on project success, Project Management Journal, 36(1), 2005.

Shenhar, A., One size does not fill all projects: Exploring classical contingency domains, Management Science, 47(3), 2001.

Shenhar, A., One size does not fill all projects: Exploring classical contingency domains, Management Science, 47(3), 2001; Crawford, L., Project management competence: The value of standards, DBA Thesis, Henley-on-Thames: Henley Management College, 2001.

Söderlund, J., H. Maylor, Project management scholarship: Relevance, impact and five integrative challenges for business and management schools, International Journal of Project Management, 30(6), 2012, рр. 686-696. Accessible at: 2012.03.007 [24.10.2016].

Söderlund, J., Temporary organizing: consequences and control forms. In R. Lundin & Hartman, Projects as business constituents and guiding motives. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.

Sydow, J., L. Lindkvist, R. DeFillippi, Project-Based Organizations, Embeddedness and Repositories of Knowledge: Editorial, Organization Studies, Vol. 25, No. 9, 2004.

Thamhain, H., G. Gemmill, Цит. произв.

Toney, F., The superior project manager global competency standards and best practices, New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2002.

Turner, J., R. Müller, On the nature of the project as a temporary organization, International Journal of Project Management, 21(1), 2003.

Whitley, R., Project-based firms: new organizational form or variations on a theme, Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2006.

Wysocki, R., Building Effective Project Teams, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 2002.

Wysocki, R., Effective Project Management: Traditional, Adaptive, Extreme, John Wiley & Sons, 2013.

Youker, R., Organizational Alternatives for Project Managers, Project Management Quarterly, Vol. VIII, No.1, 1977.

Youker, R., The differences between different types of projects, The Project Management Institute Conference in Philadelphia, Pa., 1999


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Vyara Slavyanska

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 1314-9113 (print), ISSN 2535-0609 (on-line)

For registration, please contact:

Because of security reasons the registration is made by the editor.