Pavlina Naskova


In urban landscaping, lawns are one of the main components of landscape compositions. They have important functions - biological, ecological, aesthetic, architectural, etc. The publication presents a literature analysis of seven species of grasses - Poa pratensis, Festuca rubra, Lolium perenne, Аgrostis tenius, Arrhenatherum elatius, Cynodon dactylon, and Trifolium repens, which are basic in creating lawns. Their botanical characteristics and ecological requirements, their resistance to trampling and their decorative qualities have been assessed.

For the creation of quality grass carpets is important and good agricultural techniques, including - tillage, fertilizing, watering, sowing, mowing, aeration and cleaning and weed protection, which is the subject of analysis in the article.


perennial grasses, park management, agricultural machinery, lawns

Full Text:



Agafonov, N.V. Dekorativnoe sadovodstvo 2000 g., 320 s.

Asyamov V.S., A.F. Stepanov, N.A. Bondarenko. Mnogoletnie travay dlya sozdaniya gazonov v usloviyah zapadnoy Sibiri. Selyskohozyaystvennaye nauki, ISSN 2222-0364 Vestnik OmGAU № 2 (22) 2016, 66-71 s.

Golovanov, A.I. Landshaftovedenie: uchebnik dlya stud. vuzov / A.I. Golovanov, E.S. Kozhanov, Yu.I. Suharyov; pod red. A.I. Golovanova. – M.: Kolos-S, 2008. – 216 s.

Golovach, A.G. Gazonay, ih ustroystvo i soderzhanie / A.G. Golovach. – M. : Selyhozizdat, 1955. –336 s

Douson, R.B. Sozdanie i soderzhanie gazona. Nauka, 1957. – 296 s.

Zyapkov, D., Hristova, G., Opredelyane na nyakoi mehaniko - tehnologichni harakteristiki na trevna smeska za chimove i na otdelnite komponenti v neya, Agrarni nauki, 2016.

Luchnik A.N. Entsiklopediya dekorativnayh rasteniy umerennoy zonay. – M.: Institut tehnologicheskih issledovaniy, 1997.

Stepanov, A.F. Mnogoletnie gazonay v Sibiri : monografiya. Izd-vo FGOU VPO OmGAU, 2007. – 156 s.

Chase M. Rogan and Maxim J. Schlossberg, Complementing Late‐Season Nitrogen Fertilization of Cool‐Season Turfgrass Putting Greens with Trinexapac‐ethyl, Agronomy Journal, 105, 6, (1507-1514), (2013).

Elena Sevostianova and Bernd Leinauer, Subsurface‐Applied Tailored Water: Combining Nutrient Benefits with Efficient Turfgrass Irrigation, Crop Science, 54, 5, (1926 1938), (2014).

Kristofor R. Brye, Aaron L. Daigh, Brie C. Menjoulet, Mandy L. Pirani and Charles P. West, Trends in Dry Matter Yield Following Differential Broiler Litter Application from a Soil Enriched with Organic Matter and Phosphorus, Forage & Grazinglands, 8, 1, (1-8), (2010).

Richard T. T. Forman, , (2019)., Towns, Ecology, and the Land

Robert A. Francis, Artificial lawns: Environmental and societal considerations of an ecological simulacrum, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 10.1016/j.ufug.2018.02.002, 30, rr.152-156, (2018)

Samuel J. Bauer, Brian P. Horgan, Douglas J. Soldat, Daniel T. Lloyd and David S. Gardner, Effects of Low Temperatures on Nitrogen Uptake, Partitioning, and Use in Creeping Bentgrass Putting Greens, Crop Science, 57, 2, (1001-1009), (2017).

Susannah B. Lerman, Alexandra R. Contosta, Joan Milam and Christofer Bang, To mow or to mow less: Lawn mowing frequency affects bee abundance and diversity in suburban yards, Biological Conservation, 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.01.025, 221, (160-174), (2018).

Quincy D. Law, Cale A. Bigelow and Aaron J. Patton, Selecting Turfgrasses and Mowing Practices that Reduce Mowing Requirements, Crop Science, 56, 6, (3318-3327), (2016).

Xingyuan Geng, Karl Guillard, Salvatore S. Mangiafico and Thomas F. Morris, Defining Sufficiency Levels of Nitrogen in Cool‐Season Turfgrass Lawns Using Macy's Concept, Crop Science, 54, 4, (1844-1858), (2014).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

New knowledge Journal of science is financed by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria - contract № КП-06-НП1/5 of 17.12.2019 in the competition of Bulgarian scientific periodicals – 2019

New knowledge Journal of science is financed by the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria – contract № ДНП 05/52 от 22.12.2016 in the competition of Bulgarian scientific periodicals – 2016

The contents of this publication do not necessarily reflect the position or opinion of the National Science Fund of the Republic of Bulgaria. The opinions expressed are those of the author(s) only and should not be considered as representative of the National Science Fund’s official position.

National Science Fund of Bulgaria