Natalia Stoyanova


Plant organisms are phenological indicators of weather and climate and are often used as a non-instrumental tool for its analysis. The reactions of crops, their growth and development are a direct result of environmental conditions. Solar radiation, air temperature and precipitation are the main factors that determine their productivity. In search of the environment-plant connection, the science of agricultural meteorology emerged. This publication systematizes some of the main challenges facing agriculture and the main measures for adapting the sector to modern climatic conditions. Climate change and fluctuations lead to changes in the conditions of growth and development of agricultural crops. This has a direct bearing on the way the world produces, distributes and consumes food. Climate is directly related to the way and prospects for global production needed to sustain the human population. The number of people in the world is expected to grow to 10 billion by 2050. This poses a huge challenge to the global community on how to feed an additional 2.3 billion people through environmentally friendly methods and climate change.

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