RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

Gökhan Unakitan, Yasemin Oraman

Abstract


Regardless of the economic system in any country, concepts such as economic growth and development are the basic concepts that should be emphasized on each country. Developed countries are striving to improve their economies, developing countries to improve their economies and underdeveloped countries, to develop policies and to prepare development programs its economies.

In the first years of the development concept, it was understood that the programs predominantly addressed by the industry and industry sectors were inadequate and the importance of developing rural development in parallel with the industrial sector was emphasized. In particular, countries where rural populations are concentrated have emphasized rural development.

Today, each country has created rural development policies and rural development strategies. Among the main objectives of rural development policies is to increase the income level of the rural population, to provide better living conditions, to employ the rural population in its own village, to provide a sustainable agricultural production that respects the environment.

Organic agriculture is an agricultural production activity that can play a role in fulfilling these purposes. Organic agriculture treats producers as a centre, allows producers to control their own resources, and contributes to the self-reliant and reliable nutrition of rural people in the food chain.

The purpose of this study is to examine how organic agriculture can play a role in rural development. While determining the advantages of organic farming in the study, the benefits of sustainable agriculture sensitive to environment should be discussed, by raising the incomes of the rural population by setting out the relation with rural development policies and strategies.

As a conclusion that agricultural production without the use of synthetic chemicals; will ensure that future generations become healthier individuals. For this reason, organic farming; be adopted as a necessity of rural development and become a system of values. Family farming that will make organic agricultural production should be supported from production to marketing. Organic agriculture should be transformed into a production scheme that will create employment. Integration of rural tourism activities should be ensured in marketing of organic products so that the society can be consumed by wider segments.


Keywords


sustainable agriculture, rural development, organic farming, rural policies and strategies.

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References


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